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Let us learn some tenses. but be not tensed.It is very easy.
Simple present tense. I play football. ( active)
Know here play is a transitive verb. It has an object .football.
In passive voice the object becomes the subject.
The football is played by me.
Present continuous: I am playing football.(active)
The football is being played by me.(passive)
Present Perfect: I have played football.(active)
The football has been played by me.(passive)
present perfect continuous: I have been playing football.( active)
You cannot make this into passive voice.
Simple past tense: I played football.( Active)
The football was played by me.(Passive)
past continuous: I was playing football.(active)
The foot ball was being played by me.(passive)
Past perfect: I had played football.(active)
The football had been played by me.(passive)
Past perfect continuous: I had been playing football.(active)
This cannot be changed to passive voice.
Simple future: I will play football.(active)
The football will be played by me.(passive)
future continuous: I will be playing football.(active)
This cannot be made into passive voice.
Future perfect: I will have played football.(active)
The football will have been played by me( passive )
Future perfect continuous: I will have been playing football.(active)
This cannot be changed into passive voice.
Note carefully .There are twelve sentences in the active voice and only 8 sentences are there in Passive voice.
for a change: A boy was asked to change the voice for this sentence.
The dog bites me.Active.
I bite the dog.Active or passive.
The right answer is I am bitten by the dog.
When he was asked to change the voice, The dog bites me..He changed his voice to a girl’s voice and repeated the sentence.
To change the active sentence to passive voice ,the sentence must have a transitive verb.Transitive verb will have an object.
The horse runs fast. where is the object? so runs is an intransitive verb.
o21c.in please take this into consideration’
I,my,mine,to me, me,myself.
I have a dog.The dog is mine.It belongs to me. They call me Dog Lover. I am proud of myself that I love dogs.
The dogs are more affectionate and faithful.
We,our, ours, to us, us, ourselves.
We have many parrots. Those parrots are ours. They belong to us. Some call us as parrot keepers. We take care of them ourselves.
You,your,yours,to you,you, yourself.
You have a sister.She is your sister. Sister Sita is yours. She belongs to you. She calls you Madhusudan. You bring gifts for her on her birthday yourself.
You,your,yours,to you,you, yourselves..
You start a school.That is your school.The school is yours. The school belongs to you. They call you as correspondent of the school. You all contributed money for building the school yourselves.
He,his,his,to him, him, himself.
He has a bag. That is his bag. The bag is his. It belongs to him. They call him Ram. He polishes his shoes himself.
A story for a change:
President Lincoln was polishing his own shoes.
The captain came to visit him.
He asked a question,”why do you polish your shoes yourself?”
Lincoln replied,””Whose shoes do you Polish?”
She,her,hers,to her, her, herself.
She has a purse. It is her purse. The purse is hers. It belongs to her. They call her Mercy.She made the purse herself.
It has a tail.It is its tail,The tail belongs to it. We call it a cow.It licks its calf itself.
They,their, theirs,to them, them, themselves.
They are Indians. It is their country.The country India is theirs. It belongs to them. Others call them Hindi in Middle- East.They are proud to be belonging to Free democratic India themselves.
without trying you will not get anything.You are never independent. You are always a dependent.example: Give co2 and get Oxygen from trees.You don’t cut off the trees putting your life in peril and danger.
In life everything is easy to learn.What you need is patience,enthusiasm and yearning for that. persist ,proceed you too can learn.
As a human being,we all are blessed by God with a tongue with which we can talk either good or bad of all things under the Sun.
Speech is made up of words.Words are made up of alphabet. (A to Z 26 of them).
In alphabets we have 5 vowels and 21 consonants.
Letters of alphabet are all flowers of different colors and designs.
We take these and collect them and make into words.
You have to like the language, you have to love the language and you have to live with the language.
These words we talk like the children,in bits and bits.
Who is your first teacher?Mother, Who you discard her and tell her she knows nothing and you know everything.
Mother is the first and greatest teacher.
You learn all the words from her.
Mother,father,brother,sister,uncle,aunt etc.,Water,milk, spoon,sugar, tumbler,sleep,cry.weep, laugh,hungry,thirsty.
kiss, hug, love, move, talk, speak, show,count,eyes and parts of the body,pain, happiness,sorrow,sorry, thanks, I,we, you, you, he ,she,it, they,go, come, bag,book, school,shoe,socks,tie, tiffin carrier, bread, butter, jam, biscuit, wall,T.V. picture,movie,theatre, film, song, hear,enjoy and so on and on.
Sentence is a group of words arranged in a logical order and which gives complete sense.
In the early morning.
What does this mean?
Something happens or is happening.
It is not a sentence. It is a phrase.
Rises,the, Sun, early,morning,in,the
The above are words but not complete nor arranged in logical order.
How it must be spoken?
The Sun rises in the early morning.
So we understand that
Sentence is a group of words arranged in a logical order which gives complete sense.
How many alphabet are there in english?26
How many vowels are there? 5.
what are they ?AEIOU
.What do you call the rest? as consonants.
How do we make words? by using the alphabet
. Give examples for using vowels
. An apple ,an egg, an ice cream, an orange-
to buy all those you have to goto the market ,if it rains, with an umbrella.
Note: All nouns starting with a vowel sound always have the article
.An is an indefinite article.Why?
because you do not know
whether the apple was green,red or yellow ,
whether they are from Australia or Kashmir.
Which egg,the hen’s or duck’s
. which ice-cream vanilla or strawberry,
an orange whether from Nagpur or local one,
which umbrella the fancy one or the ordinary one.
So these words are used with an indefinite article AN.The rest of the nouns which start with the consonants,if they are single they are also indefinite why?they start with A. a boy(stout or lean) a dog ( white or brown) etc.
We use The the definite article if we tell or talk about a person,place or thing we talked about.
A man was riding a horse.The man was wearing a black hat.
The horse was very tall and had thick mane
.it was brown in color.
Learn these and the next one will follow. h
KEEP ON SEARCHING YOU WILL FIND BEST RELIEF IN A NATURAL WAY.
NATURE CURE IS THE BEST,YOU WILL HAVE NO AFTER EFFECTS..
WISH YOU HAVE A FREE AND COMFORTABLE LIFE WITHOUT KNEE PAIN.